Faunistic Literature On The Odonata Of Iran

This is a list of faunistic literature on the Odonata of Iran since the review of Schmidt (1954). Please sent additions for this list to V.J. Kalkman Kalkman@naturalis.nnm.nl . Summary’s between square brackets are made by V.J. Kalkman.


Asahina, S., 1963. Odonata taken by Japanese Expeditions to Karakoram, Afghanistan, Iran and Pakistan. - In: M. Ueno (Ed.), Insect Fauna of Afghanistan and Hindukush. Results of the Kyoto University Scientific Expedition to the Karakoram and Hindukush, 1955, vol. 4: 45-50. Kyoto University Press, Kyoto.


Blom, W.L., 1982. List of Odonata collected during various Lepidopterological trips in Iran (1971-1974). – Notul. Odonatol. Vol 1, no 9 pp 141-156.

[Eighteen species are brought on record. The record of Onychogomphus macrodon was later found to be Onychogomphus forcipatus lucidostriatus (see Schneider 1987)]


Dumont H.J. & S.N. Borisov , 1995. Status and range of the species-pair Ischnura forcipata Morton, 1907 and Ischnura intermedia Dumont, 1974 (Insecta: Odonata: Coenagrionidae). – Biol. Jaarb/ Dodonaea, 62, 1994, (7/7/1995).

The closely related Ischnura forcipata and I. intermedia show non-overlapping ranges in West Asia. They are presently separated by a series of deserts (Karakum, Kavir, Lut) which came into existence in the Pleistocene, and may have speciated quite recently. I. intermedia is hypothesised to be the more primitive of the two. The Karakum canal, bridging the desert gap between the Amu Darja River, flowing into the Aral Lake, and the Atrek River, draining the West Kopet Dagh mountains towards the Caspian Sea, may artificially establish contact between both species, which now occur in different superprovinces (the Irano-Anatolian and the Sogdian-Tibetan) of the Palaearctic.


Dumont, H.J., H. Heidari, 1996. On a collection of spring Odonata from Iran, with the description of Coenagrion australocaspicum n.sp. – Bull. Annls. Soc. R. belge. Ent. 132 (1996): 63-78

In late April 1995, we collected 30 species of Odonata from 6 localities in Iran, chiefly in the South and South-East, although a new species of Zygoptera was recorded from the North-West of the country. Three first records for Iran were Oriental species. We also recorded 3 libellulids of African origin, two of which are new to Iran, as far East as Baluchistan, and confirmed the presence in Iran of two South-West Asiatic and one wide-ranging, Afrotropical-species. It is argued that so much novelty from a single collecting effort is indicative of our poor level of knowledge of the Iranian Odonata fauna.

[Eleven species are mentioned for Iranian territory for the first time: Ischnura forcipata, Coenagrion australocaspicum, Agriocnemis pygmaea, Orthetrum trinacria, O. chrysostigma, O. luzonicum, Brachythemis fuscopalliata, Trithemis aurora, Tramea basilaris]


Dumont, H.J., H. Heidari & K.I. Atamuradov, 1997. Hybridisation in Calopteryx orientalis (Selys) east of the shores of the south Caspian lake (Zygoptera: Calopterygidae). Odonatologica 26(2): 205-213.

C. orientalis occupies a narrow fringe along the southern rim of the Caspian lake. East of the Caspian, it hybridises with C. samarcandica Bartenev, 1912. The hybrid zone takes the form of a progressive cline, and extends from the Kopet Dag, across the Tedzhen-Harirud to the Murgab catchments. The Karakumskyi canal is suspected to speed up hybridisation considerably.


Dumont, H.J., H. Heidari, 1998. The genus Pseudagrion (Odonata: Zygoptera) in Iran. – International Journal of Odonatology 1 (2): 159-163.

Two species of Pseudagrion are reported from Baluchistan-Seistan, South-East Iran. P. decorum is an Oriental, and P. cf laidlawi a south-east Palaearctic species with Oriental affinities.

Jödicke, R., 1994. Subspecific division of Sympetrum sinaiticum Dumont, 1977, and the identity of S. vulgatum decoloratum (Selys, 1884) (Anisoptera: Libellulidae). – Odonatologica 23(3): 239-253.

An analysis of the preserved four syntypes of S. d. decoloratum (Sel., 1884) from Tortum/Turkey revealed structural identity with S. vulgatum (L., 1758) in two specimens, whilst the other two presumably belong to a hitherto undescribed species. Fixing one vulgatum-like female as the lectotype, the name decoloratum denotes a vulgatum ssp. And is the senior synonym of S. v. flavum Bartanef, 1915. – The valid name of the taxon which was erroneously deemed to be S. decoloratum, is S. sinaiticum Dumont, 1977. Its nominate ssp. Is confined to N. Africa. S. s. tarraconensis ssp.n. is described from the Iberian peninsula (holotype male, allotype female: Rio Canaleta nr Bot, Tarragona prov., Catalonia, Spain, 29-IX-1992). The Asiatic populations are split into S. s. deserti ssp.n. from Anatolia, Caucasus, Mesopotamia and the Iranian Plateau (holotype male, allotype female: Yasuj, Abshar, Boyr Ahmadi prov., Iran, 9-VII-1974), and S. s. arenicolor ssp.n. from Turkestan (holotype malem allotype female: Tschardschui, Turkmenistan, about 1925). All types are deposited in RMNH, Leiden.

[See Jödicke et al. 2000 for the new status of the subspecies of S. sinaiticum]


Jödicke, R., S.N. Borisov, A.Y. Haritonov & O. Popova, 2000. Additions to the knowledge of Sympetrum sinaiticum Dumont (Odonata: Libellulidae). – International Journal of Odonatology vol 3, no 2, november 2000.

New information shows that S. sinaiticum is not divided into subspecies, as hitherto supposed. The subspecific name tarraconense Joedicke, 1994 must be regarded as a junior synonym of sinaiticum. In contrast, the name arenicolor Joedicke, 1994 denotes a taxon at full species rank, characterised by its larval and ligula morphology. This species is taxonomically identical to S. s. deserti Joedicke, 1994. Since the latter name has been established in the same work, we determine the precedence of arenicolor as the valid name for the Asiatic species. Range, seasonality, and habitat selection of S. sinaiticum ate outlined.


Lohmann, H., 1990. Anax immaculifrons Rambur 1842 in Iran (Odonata: Aeshnidae). – Opusc. Zool. Flumin. 54 (1990): 9-10.

With reference to the distribution map presented by T. Battin (1990, Opusc. Zool. Flumin. 47: 1-10), the sp. is for the first time recorded from Iran (1 male, 1 female, Shah Bazan. Ab-i-Diz River, ca 80 km NE of Dezful, alt 500 m; 16/17-IV-1937 deposited in ZMUC). Herewith Battin’s suggestion on the rheophillous character of the sp. is confirmed.


Lohmann, H., 1992. Gomphus kinzelbachi Schneider in Iran (anisoptera: Gomphidae). – Notul. Odonatol., Vol. 3, No 10, pp. 157-172.

[A male Gomphus kinzelbachi from Bisheh, Ab-i-Zezar River, 50 km SE Khoramabad constitutes the first record for Iran. Five other species are mentioned from the same locality of which Onychogomphus assimilis is to my (VJ Kalkman) knowledge also new for Iran]


Lohmann, H., 1993. Revision der Cordulegastridae. 2. Beschreibung neuer arten in den gattungen Cordulegaster, Anotogaster, Neallogaster und Sonjagaster (Anisoptera). – Odonatologica 22(3): 271-294.

[Serveral new species of the family Cordulegastridae are described. Cordulegaster vanbrinki is described from one male collected at the Elburs mountains, Weyser near Chalus at 23-VII-1971 (deposited in the NHMB). The correct name for this species should be Cordulegaster vanbrinkae (see Van Tol 1994)]


Lohmann, H., 1993. Coenagrion vanbrinki spec. nov. und C. persicum spec. nov. aus vorderasien (Zygoptera: Coenagrionidae). – Odonatologica 22(2): 203-211.

Part of the summary:

C. vanbrinki sp. n. is described and illustrated from 10 males, 5 females and 10 larvae, collected in Iran and Turkey (holotype male: Iran, Lorestan prov., Dow Rud, 33 28’N 49 05’E; 31-V-1937; deposited in ZMUC, Copenhagen).

C. persicum sp. n. is described and illustrated from 1 male and 1 larva (holotype male: Iran, Istgah-e-Ezna, 33 72’N 49 30’E; 4-VI-1937; deposited in ZMUC, Copenhagen.

[The correct name for Coengrion vanbrinki species should be Coenagrion vanbrinkae (see Van Tol 1994)]

Tirgari, S., 1979. A key to the Iranian families of Odonata. – Journal of the entomological society of Iran 5 (1-2): 49-54.

[In Farsi with separately paginated English summary on page 33-34]